At least nine countries in Africa have erupted into conflict five years or less after independence; once a country has tasted war, it becomes a valid and accessible means solving the ‘problem’ of political competition
The Global Peace Index (GPI) is an attempt to measure the relative position of nations’ and regions’ peacefulness
The Failed States Index has always been controversial in Africa, but nevertheless is better than nothing in offering a sense of the internal strengths and weaknesses of nations.
Somalia is Africa’s least peaceful country, followed by Sudan, Chad and Democratic Republic of Congo. The most peaceful is Botswana, in this dataset of 39 African countries.
The first significant UN peacekeeping mission in Africa was to Congo (today Democratic Republic of Congo) from 1960 to June 1964