In Africa, countries that have a relatively sound higher education system are necessarily the rich ones. And those whose economies are doing well do not always have the best universities.
The low number of PhDs per capita in Africa reflects its opportunity cost. The estimated cost of a doctoral degree is $50,000, enough to finance five classrooms that would benefit about 400 pupils
Students are “emerging from institutions of learning with half-baked skills and fully formed aspirations – a toxic combination by any standard.”