Clockwise from top left: Muhammadu Buhari (Nigeria), Morgan Tsvangirai (Zimbabwe), Nana Akufo-Addo (Ghana), Kizza Besigye (Uganda). Centre: Abdoulaye Wade (Senegal).

Raila Odinga Named Main Opposition Candidate In Kenya’s August Poll: Lessons From His ‘Kindred Spirits’ In Africa

Experiences of opposition candidates, including Senegal’s Wade, Nigeria’s Buhari, Ghana’s Akufo-Addo, Zimbabwe’s Tsvangirai and Uganda’s Besigye, have been mixed

Nana Akufo-Addo: The president defended the appointments, saying that Ghana was facing huge problems and he needed a huge team to fix them.

Size Of Cabinets In Africa, As Ghana’s Akufo-Addo Names ‘Elephant’ Team Of 110 Ministers, And Counting

In Africa, larger cabinets are more common in post-conflict countries that are trying to build a broader national consensus, especially in countries with high political or ethnic fragmentation

Incumbent Zambian president Edgar Lungu. He is set to have another five years in office. (Photo/ UNHCR / JM. Ferré)

How African Courts Uphold All Incumbent Victories – And Entrench Electoral Cheating

No court in Africa has ever overturned a presidential election result in favour of the challenger. Judgements have always favoured the incumbent candidate, the candidate sponsored by the ruling party, or the presumptive winner.