A supporter of the opposition leader Raila Odinga faces off against riot police officers during a protest in Nairobi. (Photo/Dai Kurokawa/EPA).

With Kenya’s History Of Political Violence, Will It Be Different This Time?: Colonialism, Vigilantes And Militias


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THE Supreme Court decision on September 1 to nullify Kenya’s presidential August election and hold a new poll has reignited fears that the country could descend into violence. Kenya certainly has an extensive track record of political violence. This has generally been ethnically mobilised, stemming from grievances over land and exacerbated by vigilantes and militias deployed by politicians to garner …

Incumbent Zambian president Edgar Lungu. He is set to have another five years in office. (Photo/ UNHCR / JM. Ferré)

How African Courts Uphold All Incumbent Victories – And Entrench Electoral Cheating

No court in Africa has ever overturned a presidential election result in favour of the challenger. Judgements have always favoured the incumbent candidate, the candidate sponsored by the ruling party, or the presumptive winner.