Although the big tent worked in the early days of independence when President Salva Kiir could buy off opponents, it is now failing, as the economy flat-lines.
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Niger is the main transit country for large-scale smuggling across the Sahara desert towards North Africa. (Photo/ IRIN)
The moment migrants arrive at Agadez bus station in Niger, they become part of a vibrant smuggling economy. The whole journey to Europe could cost $3000-$5000