Public support for freedom of association is far from universal in Africa; one-third (32%) of citizens say the government should be able to ban any organisation that goes against its policies.
It seems political hardening is increasingly a global phenomenon. Though the local factors that drive a nativist, authoritarian, or anti-liberal mood might be unique to each country, the broader trends are apparent.
Africans trust agencies of the executive branch (the presidency, army, and police) even more than the legislative branch (MPs and local councils). And they distrust electoral institutions most of all – so why have elections?