In Africa, countries that have a relatively sound higher education system are necessarily the rich ones. And those whose economies are doing well do not always have the best universities.
You might imagine that a university or college education would give you a broader, more cosmopolitan worldview; that the more educated you are, the less parochial you would become. The data suggests otherwise.
The inequity in resource allocation is clearer when you consider that it is just a tiny minority of people who make it to higher levels of education in the first place.
The low number of PhDs per capita in Africa reflects its opportunity cost. The estimated cost of a doctoral degree is $50,000, enough to finance five classrooms that would benefit about 400 pupils