A country’s sex ratio (the ratio of men to women in the population) tell us something about its history, social fabric and economic make-up, if the top five countries on either side of the split in Africa are anything to do by.
According to the index, the worst places to be a woman in Africa are Somalia, Sudan, Mali, Libya and Guinea, in that order. It seems that harsh life of the desert and arid Sahel exerts its greatest price on women
The index measures the gender-based gap in a country’s economic opportunity, education, political empowerment and health, independent of a country’s level of income or development.
The numbers as at 2010. Gender imbalance may arise as a consequence of various factors including natural factors, exposure to environmental contaminants, war casualties, gender-selective abortions and infanticides, and aging