Ongoing violence is rooted in intercommunal tensions and spurred on by rising extremism in the Sahel. Jihadists have recruited heavily among Fulani herders in recent months.
The lengthy nature of some of Africas wars is one of the main hindrances to ending the refugee cycle. The Somalia war is over 27 years and the DRC been in conflict since the 1990s.
Financial impact of IDPs in CAR is about $230 million, or 11% of the central African country’s GDP per year.
There are more than 70 armed groups in South Sudan and one that didnt sign last year’s accord. Five years of civil war have left 1.9 million internally displaced and 2.4 million living as refugees in neighbouring countries.
The government has previously claimed that Boko Haram was “technically defeated”. In reality the insurgency has fragmented but continues.