Al-Shabaab has lost large swathes of territory to the Somali army this year, bolstered by US and African Union peacekeeping troops, AMISOM.
In December last year, bulldozers demolished homes and schools in 21 IDP settlements on the outskirts of Mogadishu, forcing more than 5,000 families to flee further from the city some to al-Shabaab-controlled areas
There are just too many foreign military actors on the continent busy executing their own agendas.
Civilian deaths in both Syria and Iraqincreased by over 50%. However,civilian deaths in Somalia increased by 200%, with a surge in IED attacks by militant group al-Shabaab.
Few of AMISOM’s backers want to shoulder the burden of Somalia’s long term stability, several – including Ethiopia – have begun to withdraw their troops. Al-Shabaab will probably quietly wait them out.
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