In many cities, fresh produce is often transported either by handcart or by motorcycle. Though on the surface they seem cheap, they are hugely inefficient from a technological perspective, and there’s a big cost to it
Even in Kenya’s dusty little border town with Ethiopia, the jacaranda tree stands out as a marker of British presence – Moyale on the Kenyan side has the trees around its town centre, on the Ethiopian side there are none
City dwellers eat more fruits, vegetables, meat and fish that those living in the rural areas; consumption of cereals and pulses is lower. It’s counter-intuitive, as one might expect a rural diet to be richer in fresh produce
Charcoal demand remains high even in wealthier households in urban Africa. People are happy to continue cooking using charcoal – even when they can afford not to – and spend the extra money in eating meat for example
A sprawling city means that distances between neighbourhoods are long and transport costs are high. That ends up acting as a brake on the ability of cities to reap the benefits of growth.