The Index measures total impact of weather and climate; geology; geography on resources, services and human populations. Island nations are the most vulnerable; landlocked and sparsely populated ones, less so.
A waterway is any navigable body of water; Democratic Republic of Congo has 15,000km of waterways, the highest in Africa. This is on account of the mighty Congo river and its many tributaries
World Heritage sites are areas of “outstanding universal value” for their natural features, cultural value, or both. The top three in Africa are South Africa with 21 sites, Ethiopia with 10, and Egypt with 9.
The EPI Data ranks countries’ performance on high-priority environmental issues in two areas: protection of human health and protection of ecosystems. On these measures, Mauritius is tops in Africa.
Equatorial Guinea has the highest carbon emissions per person in 2004, followed by South Africa and Libya. Emissions are almost negligible in DR Congo, Burundi and Chad.