There are more than 70 armed groups in South Sudan and one that didnt sign last year’s accord. Five years of civil war have left 1.9 million internally displaced and 2.4 million living as refugees in neighbouring countries.
EU policies, including the decision to enable the Libyan Coast Guard to intercept and return migrants, are contributing to a cycle of extreme abuse.
The conflict was the longest of Uganda’s post independence struggles. In addition to those killed, 2 million people were displaced, and 60,000 to 100,000 abducted by the Lord’s Resistance Army rebels.
As the war enters its sixth year only the most optimistic of observers is voicing much hope that the revitalised peace agreement.
More than 150 women and girls were raped, beaten, and brutalised over a 10-day period at the end of November.