By filling gaps in governance and service delivery, the terror group has cultivated a level of support among local civilians that Boko Haram never enjoyed and has turned neglected communities into a source of economic support.
Since 2011, with the independence of the south, Sudan’s oil revenues have shrunk by 75%. With the trebling of the price of bread last December, and the rate of inflation hovering around 70%, the camels back was finally broken.
Ongoing violence is rooted in intercommunal tensions and spurred on by rising extremism in the Sahel. Jihadists have recruited heavily among Fulani herders in recent months.
Financial impact of IDPs in CAR is about $230 million, or 11% of the central African country’s GDP per year.
The conflict was the longest of Uganda’s post independence struggles. In addition to those killed, 2 million people were displaced, and 60,000 to 100,000 abducted by the Lord’s Resistance Army rebels.