The low number of PhDs per capita in Africa reflects its opportunity cost. The estimated cost of a doctoral degree is $50,000, enough to finance five classrooms that would benefit about 400 pupils
It is part of a broader reactionary mode of governance, which teenagers are already aware of – that citizen initiatives are ignored until they pose a direct threat to property and the public peace.
Students are “emerging from institutions of learning with half-baked skills and fully formed aspirations – a toxic combination by any standard.”
School officials are allowed to expel pregnant girls, and they often do, to prevent the girls being a “bad influence” on others. That means that in most cases, getting married is the only option available to pregnant girls.
The last 10 years have seen millions more children of school-going age getting an education in Africa