The EPI Data ranks countries’ performance on high-priority environmental issues in two areas: protection of human health and protection of ecosystems. On these measures, Mauritius is tops in Africa.
Equatorial Guinea has the highest carbon emissions per person in 2004, followed by South Africa and Libya. Emissions are almost negligible in DR Congo, Burundi and Chad.
Oil and mineral-exporting countries tend to sit on huge reserves of foreign exchange – Algeria has the largest, at $150 billion, and Libya second at $99 billion.
90% of Burundi’s land area is used as agricultural land – that includes land for cultivation and pasture for animals. By contrast, 3.5% of Egypt’s land area is used as agricultural land.
Particulate matter concentration measures airborne particles that contribute to pollution and is measured in micrograms per cubic metre.