Financial impact of IDPs in CAR is about $230 million, or 11% of the central African country’s GDP per year.
There are more than 70 armed groups in South Sudan and one that didnt sign last year’s accord. Five years of civil war have left 1.9 million internally displaced and 2.4 million living as refugees in neighbouring countries.
EU policies, including the decision to enable the Libyan Coast Guard to intercept and return migrants, are contributing to a cycle of extreme abuse.
The government has previously claimed that Boko Haram was “technically defeated”. In reality the insurgency has fragmented but continues.
As the war enters its sixth year only the most optimistic of observers is voicing much hope that the revitalised peace agreement.