Public support for freedom of association is far from universal in Africa; one-third (32%) of citizens say the government should be able to ban any organisation that goes against its policies.
In all other countries, presidents have either died in office, been deposed in a coup or revolution, lost at the ballot, or changed the constitution to extend their term in office.
Mugabe’s longevity is remarkable, considering that he has two agemates in Africa who left office long ago: Daniel arap Moi of Kenya and Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia were both born in 1924, like Mugabe.
Liberia and Sierra Leone do not have any explicit national laws banning FGM/C, yet managed to record some of the biggest declines in prevalence among the countries that practice it.
By virtue of the fact that the position was an international one that might require the holder to be at odds with the domestic politics of ones home country, several former secretaries-general met a depressing end.