By filling gaps in governance and service delivery, the terror group has cultivated a level of support among local civilians that Boko Haram never enjoyed and has turned neglected communities into a source of economic support.
Ongoing violence is rooted in intercommunal tensions and spurred on by rising extremism in the Sahel. Jihadists have recruited heavily among Fulani herders in recent months.
The number of women predicted to be face genital mutilation in the world each year could rise to 4.6 million by 2030.
Eight countries including several in crisis such as Chad, Sudan, and South Sudan are in debt distress and a further 18 are at high risk.
Stunting rates range between 10% in prosperous areas of southern Nigeria to over 50% in parts of the north.